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Tense Correction for class 9 and 10

SEBA – HSLC Previous year question paper solved

নিয়ম :– বাক্যত before বা after থাকি এটা খণ্ড simple past হ’লে আনটো খণ্ড past perfect হয়।

simple past tense ৰ structure হৈছে :
[ s + v² + o ]

past perfect tense ৰ structure হৈছে :
[ s + had + v³ + o ]

(i) I (go) there before she went. [HSLC-2020]

Ans: I had gone there before she went.

(ii) The match (start) before we reached the field. [HSLC-1998]

Ans: The match had started before we reached the field.

(iii) He (reach) the station before the train departed. [HSLC-2006]

Ans: He had reached the station before the train departed.

(iv) Mohan (reach) home before it started raining. [HSLC-2007]

Ans: Mohan had reached home before it started raining.

নিয়ম :- বাক্যত if/unless/till/until/when/after/as soon as আদি শব্দ থাকি এটা খণ্ড simple present tense ত থাকিলে আনটো খণ্ড simple future ত হয়।

simple present tense ৰ structure : [s+v+o]

simple future tense ৰ structure : [s+ shall/ will+v+o]

i) He (stay) here until you return. [HSLC – 2019, 2001]

Ans: He will stay here until you return.

ii) We shall wait here until he (came) back. [HSLC – 2009]

Ans: We shall wait here until he comes back.

iii) I shall wait here until he (come) back. [HSLC – 1999]

Ans: I shall wait here until he comes back.

iv) If you (neglect) your studies, you will fail. [1997]

Ans: If you neglect your studies, you will fail.

v) If it (rain) we shall not go out. [2017]

Ans: If it rains we shall not go out.

vi) You (fail) unless you work harder. [1996]

Ans: You will fail unless you work harder.

নিয়ম :- বাক্যত since/for + (time) থাকিলে সাধাৰণতে present perfect continuous tense ত থকা লিখিব লাগে।

present perfect continuous tense ৰ structure : [s+ have/has been + v + ing +o]

কিন্তু, see, know, hear, meet, pass, be আদি মূল verb থাকিলে since/for+(time) থাকিলেও বাক্যটো present perfect continuous ৰ সলনি present perfect হে লিখিব লাগে।

present perfect tense ৰ structure : [ s + have/has + v³ + o ]

(write) this letter since morning. [1996]

Ans: I have been writing this letter since morning.

(not see) him since we left school. [1996]

Ans: have not seen him since we left school.

Ten years (pass) since I met you. [2001]

Ans: Ten years have passed since I met you.

He (be) a teacher since 1994. [2010]

Ans: He has been a teacher since 1994.

She (be) a teacher since 2002. [2014]

Ans: She has been a teacher since 2002.

Ten years (pass) since I met you last. [2020]

Ans: Ten years passed since I met you last.

(not meet) him for a week. [1997]

Ans: have not met him for a week.

They (live) in Delhi for ten years. [2001, 2019]

Ans: They have been living in Delhi for ten years.

(not meet) my friends for ages. [2002]

Ans: I have not met my friends for ages.

We two (be) friends for long. [2002]

Ans: We two have been friends for long.

We (know) each other for the last ten years. [2003, 2017]

Ans: We have known each other for the last ten years.

The new teacher (teach) us now for six months. [2007]

Ans: The new teacher has been teaching us now for six months.

We (know) each other for five years. [2011]

Ans: We have known each other for five years.

নিয়ম :- When/While/As থাকি এটা খণ্ড simple past হ’লে আনটো খণ্ড বিশেষকৈ past continuous হয়।

simple past tense ৰ structure : [s+v²+o]
past continuous tense ৰ structure : [s+was/ were+v+ing+o]

আকৌ, When/While/As থাকি এটা খণ্ড simple past হোৱা বাক্যত see, know, hear, meet, pass, be আদি মূল verb থাকিলে বাক্যটো past continuous ৰ সলনি simple past হে হ’ব।

simple past tense ৰ structure : [s+v²+o]

When he entered my room, I (write) a letter. [1998]

Ans: When he entered my room, I was writing a letter.

When he came in, I (write) a letter. [1999]

Ans: When he came in, I was writing a letter.

He (walk) across the road when a scooter hit him. [2000]

Ans: He was walking across the road when a scooter hit him.

When he started for office, It still (rain). [2002]

Ans: When he started for office , It was still raining.

She (read) a book when I saw her. [2014]

Ans: She was reading a book when I saw her.

When he came it (be) all over. [2019]

Ans: When he came it was all over.

When she came I (write) a letter. [2020]

Ans: When she came I was writing a letter.

The lady slipped while she (climb) the steps. [2009]

Ans: The lady slipped while she was climbing the steps.

He jumped off the bus while it (move). [2010]

Ans: He jumped off the bus while it was moving.

নিয়ম :- Rejected Conditional: এনেধৰণৰ বাক্যত সাধাৰণতে আমি হেঁতেন লগাই কওঁ। এনে বাক্যত if ৰ পাছত থকা clause টো past perfect হ’লে আনটো clause ৰ structure এনেদৰে হ’ব :

[s + would/could have + v³ + o]

past perfect tense ৰ structure : [s + had + v³ + o ]

If you (request) him, He would have helped you. [2002]

Ans: If you had requested him, He would have helped you.

If I (know) his address, I would have contacted him. [2003]

Ans: If I had known his address, I would have contacted him.

If I (be) you, I would not have called him again. [2018]

Ans: If I had been you, I would not have called him again.

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